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Urban Areas


Nearly half of the world’s population (47 per cent) lives in urban areas. The accumulation of people, their consumption patterns, travel behaviour and their urban economic activities have a large impact on the environment in terms of resource consumption and waste discharges. However, cities also offer opportunities to manage a growing population in a sustainable way. Increasing levels of urbanization are caused by natural growth of the urban population and migration of therural population towards cities. Cities play a major role not only as providers of employment, shelter and services but also as centres of culture, learning and technological development, portals to the rest of the world, industrial centres for the processing of agricultural produce and manufacturing, and places to generate income.

Assessments of Urban Areas in:


Latin America and the Caribbean
(from the GEO 3 report)

  pdf file (636Kb)  

Latin America and the Caribbean
(from the GEO LAC 2000 report)

  pdf file (1.4Mb)   archivo pdf (917Kb)

Data on Urban Areas in
Latin America and the Caribbean

  pdf file (14Kb)   archivo pdf (32Kb)
  xls file (14Kb)   archivo xls (14Kb)

(from the GEO Caribbean report)

  pdf file (417Kb)  

Costa Rica
(from Costa Rica Environment Outlook 2002)

    archivo pdf (165Kb)

(from Nicaragua State of the Environment Report 2001)

    archivo pdf (31Kb)

(from Panama Environmental Report 1999)

    archivo pdf (13Kb)

(from Country Report: Chile State of the Environment 1999)

    archivo pdf (155Kb)

(from Peru National State of the Environment Report 2000)

    archivo pdf (318Kb)

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