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Disasters can occur as a consequence of the impact of a natural or a human-caused hazard. Natural hazards comprise phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides, tsunamis, tropical cyclones and other severe storms, tornadoes and high winds, river and coastal flooding, wildfires and associated haze, drought, sand and dust storms, and infestations. Human-caused hazards may be intentional, such as the illegal discharge of oil, or accidental such as toxic spills or nuclear meltdown. All of these can expose people, ecosystems, flora and fauna to threats. The poor are the most vulnerable to disasters because they have fewer resources and capacity to prevent or cope with the impacts. A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses which exceed the ability of affected society to cope on its own resources. — Source: UNDHA 2001.

Assessments of Disasters in:


Latin America and the Caribbean
(from the GEO 3 report)

  pdf file (414Kb)  

Latin America and the Caribbean
(from the GEO LAC 2000 report)

  pdf file (347Kb)   archivo pdf (889Kb)

Data on Disasters in
Latin America and the Caribbean

  pdf file (19Kb)   archivo pdf (31Kb)
  xls file (14Kb)   archivo xls (14Kb)

(from the GEO Caribbean report)

  pdf file (189Kb)  

(from Environment Outlook of Cuba 2000)

    archivo pdf (340Kb)

Costa Rica
(from Costa Rica Environment Outlook 2002)

    archivo pdf (50Kb)

(from Peru National State of the Environment Report 2000)

    archivo pdf (288Kb)

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